What is the future of English as a global language? The world is changing so rapidly, from national politics to people’s livelihood. Definitely, language is one of the most important characteristic among there. English, which is considered as the world language at present, facing with sophisticated problems. Actually, the situation could persist on till the future. In my view, the future of English as a global language may be as the concave and convex sides of a nutshell, it is hard to foresee that. Someone hold the opinion that the future of English to be a global language is of a high possibility, they think that English has a bright future. Others have a different point that with the development of the world, English may have a tough way to go through, the future of English is tortured.
Read more: Speech on importance of English essay
A major reason of the future of English could be a global language is that the trend of speaking English will continue going on. First of all, all the people from different non-native-English countries know that learning English at a very early age is very important because they think English could be a cornerstone of their later life. In China, lots of parents send their children to the English learning agencies since the children even can’t say Chinese fluently.
It is an interesting phenomena in a country which was an ancient civilization in the past thousands of years. Chinese people put the same attentions to English as well as Chinese. That means English has been a basic skill than a curriculum, it is the same important as their native language. Another phenomena is that large amounts of youth go abroad to study in native-English countries like UK, US and Canada.
The cost of studying in foreign countries could be very expensive and the life in a totally strange place could not be easy, but they go to these English countries without hesitation. What are they seeking for? Because they think that the experiences of studying abroad could be a highlight when they apply for employment. And the training in English environment could give them more opportunities especially for those who want to work for foreign enterprises, they could be more competitive. Last but not the least, the world has becoming more and more integrated because of the globalization. In the morning we could be at Russia, in the afternoon we can be at Brazil.
As the globalization is happening in every corner of the world, nowadays, our planet is more like a village, people from different continents, different cultures and different countries all come together. The scientists exchange their ideas and technologies, the businessmen trade all kinds of goods over the world, governments talk with each other. English as the best communication tool has been used widely. With these phenomenon, we can see that in the future, English could be the global language and everyone in the world could say some English words or sentences.
Other people hold an opinion that the future of English could be tough as they look in this argument a different way. As lots of race have their own language, so these race would not see their languages become extinction without doing anything, they will protect their own culture and languages like the protection of the endangered animals. For example, in Shanghai, China. As the rapid development of urbanization, lots people come from different areas and settle down in Shanghai. The children growing up in Shanghai are not able to say any Shanghainese but Mandarin. So, other languages will be still exist with English. This will cause a result that if someone who can say the local language and both English will be more competitive than the persons who can only speak English. Even we have to admit that English is very popular around the world, the future of English is hard to say.
Meanwhile, the influences of different cultures are also can’t be ignored. Nowadays, many people in western countries like the cultures from Asia or some other places like lots of immigrants from Asia settle down in the US who also brought their own cultures an languages. So when the people of native-language countries prefer the Asian culture which they think is very cool that they may learn some Asian language as well. We can see that lots of American can say some Mandarin or Cantonese. As a result, no one can forecast that which language could be the global language in the future, maybe, 100years later, Chinese or Spanish will control the world as lots of people use this kind of language. So, some people think that the future of English to be a global language is hard to say.
For my perspective that the future of English is still unknown. For one thing, English future as a global language may be optimistic. No matter adults or children, they are willing to pay more attention on English learning. The other way, it could be pessimistic of the future of English. Kinds of factors may influence the future of English as cultural influence, protection of local language. As a conclusion, the future of English is still unsure, no one can assert whether a bright future or a tortured way.
There are two competing drives to take into account: the pressure for international intelligibility, and the pressure to preserve national identity. It is possible that a natural balance may be achieved between the two, but it should also be recognized that the historical loyalties of British ex-colonies have been largely replaced by pragmatic utilitarian reasoning.
The very dominance of an outside language or culture can lead to a backlash or reaction against it. People do not take kindly to having a language imposed on them, whatever advantage and value that language may bring to them. As long ago as 1908, Mahatma Gandhi said, in the context of colonial India: �To give millions a knowledge of English is to enslave them�. Although most former British colonies retained English as an official language after independence, some (e.g. Tanzania, Kenya, Malaysia) later deliberately rejected the old colonial language as a legacy of oppression and subjugation, disestablishing English as even a joint official language. Even today, there is a certain amount of resentment in some countries towards the cultural dominance of English, and particularly of the USA.
As has been discussed, there is a close link between language and power. The USA, with its huge dominance in economic, technical and cultural terms, is the driving force behind English in the world today. However, if the USA were to lose its position of economic and technical dominance, then the �language loyalties� of other countries may well shift to the new dominant power. Currently, perhaps the only possible candidate for such a replacement would be China, but it is not that difficult to imagine circumstances in which it could happen.
A change in population (and population growth) trends may prove to be an influential factor. The increasing Hispanic population of the USA has, in the opinion of some commentators, already begun a dilution of the �Englishness� of the country, which may in turn have repercussions for the status of the English language abroad. Hispanic and Latino Americans have accounted for almost half of America�s population growth in recent years, and their share of the population is expected to increase from about 16% today to around 30% by 2050. Some even see the future possibility of a credible secessionist movement, similar to that for an independent Quebec in Canada, and there has been movements within the US Republican party (variously called "English First" or "Official English" or "US English") to make English the nation�s official language in an attempt to reduce the significance of Spanish. Official policies of bilingualism or multilingualism in countries with large minority language groups, such as are in place in countries like Canada, Belgium and Switzerland, are an expensive option and fraught with political difficulties, which the USA would prefer to avoid.
A 2006 report by the British Council suggests that the number of people learning English is likely to continue to increase over the next 10-15 years, peaking at around 2 billion, after which a decline is predicted. Various attempts have been made to develop a simpler "controlled" English language suitable for international usage (e.g. Basic English, Plain English, Globish, International English, Special English, Essential World English, etc). Increasingly, the long-term future of English as a global language probably lies in the hands of Asia, and especially the huge populations of India and China.
Having said that, though, there may now be a critical mass of English speakers throughout the world which may make its continued growth impossible to stop or even slow. There are no comparable historical precedents on which to base predictions, but it well may be that the emergence of English as a global language is a unique, even an irreversible, event.