Freight Class 92.5 Descriptive Essay

Freight Class Guide

Why Is Freight Class Important?

Freight class for LTL shipping is important because it allows shippers to classify freight in a standardized manner. This makes for fairer pricing throughout the industry because it means shipping companies must price freight based on the same criteria. Also, consumers can better compare costs between shipping companies when they know their freight class codes. It is important that your classification is determined before getting a quote for your shipment. If you request a quote with the wrong classification, the shipper will have to recalculate it for you, which can result in higher shipping costs than you anticipated. Use our guide to help figure out how to determine your freight class.

How to Determine Freight Class

As mentioned in our Freight Shipping Guide, your classification is determined by transportability which is defined by the density, stowability, ease of handling and liability of the cargo. While the classification of many items can be determined based on their density, some others will always be in the same freight class no matter what. One such item is a transmission (class 85).

To calculate the density of your freight, measure the length, width and height of your freight in its packaging (in inches). Multiply these three measurements. Then, to determine the cubic feet, divide this number by 1,728 (the number of cubic inches in a cubic foot). Once you know the cubic feet, divide the weight of your freight in pounds by the total cubic feet. This will give you the density of your freight. Once you have determined the density of your freight, use the list below to help determine the classification of your freight.

Calculate Freight Density:

  1. L x W x H = # inches3
  2. # inches3 x 1,728 = feet3
  3. # feet3 x weight in lbs = freight density

Freight Class Codes List*

Freight Class CodeType of FreightWeight per ft3 (in lbs)
50Fits on a standard 4×4 pallet, durable freight50 +
55Bricks, cement, hardwood, construction materials35-50
60Auto accessories, car parts30-35
65Car accessories & parts, boxed books, bottled drinks22.5-30
70Car accessories & parts, auto engines, food items15-22.5
77.5Tires, bathroom fixtures13.5-15
85Crated machinery, cast iron stoves12-13.5
92.5Computers, monitors, refrigerators10.5-12
100Car covers, canvas, boat covers, wine cases, caskets9-10.5
110Cabinets, framed art, table saws8-9
125Small home appliances7-8
150Auto sheet metal, book cases6-7
175Clothing, stuffed furniture5-6
200Sheet metal parts, aluminum tables, packaged mattresses, aircraft parts4-5
250Mattresses & box springs, plasma TVs, bamboo furniture3-4
300Model boats, assembled chairs, tables, wood cabinets2-3
400Deer antlers1-2
500Gold dust, pin pong balls<1
*Freight classes set by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association, Inc.

Things to Keep in Mind

Determining the right freight class is obviously a bit complicated, with objects you never thought would be grouped together ending up in the same category. Also, once you have determined the classification of certain goods that you ship regularly, be aware that the NMFTA can update their database and change certain classifications at any time.

If you’re looking to make a freight shipment, then contact Global Shipping Services today and speak with one of our knowledgeable freight brokers. We can answer any of your questions regarding freight class code and make sure your shipment arrives where it needs to be on budget and on time. You can also contact the NMFTA for help interpreting your shipping freight class. If your item has been manufactured elsewhere, the manufacturer should also know the product’s classification.

In this article I will explain the freight class codes and their importance. Before i start talking about these codes I want to make short overview for the trucking business and the conditions that the trucking industry is facing today.

Being in the trucking business is not easy because you need to deal with the The Department of Transportation (DOT), Safety and Fitness Electronic Records System (SAFER), The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA regulations. On the top of these regulations you need to find the best truck drivers because their driving behavior affect on your safety rating.


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One of the things that you have to take care of is the correct code classification of your freight.

National Motor Freight Classification is published by the NMFTA – National Motor Freight Traffic Association and provides separation of the goods moving in different distances: internationally, interstate and intrastate commerce. The National Motor Freight Classification is developed by the CCSB or Commodity Classification Standards Board.

Commodities are separated in 18 classes. Class 50 is the lowest and class 500 in on the top.


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The class grouping is based on four characteristics:

  • Density
  • Stow-ability
  • Handling and
  • Liability

The National Motor Freight Classification has packaging requirements to ensure the safety of the freight.

The freight needs to be adequately protected and stowed while transportation. Another thing is that contains Uniform Straight Bill of Lading with terms and conditions.

What The Class Numbers Mean?

Every item that is transported has own freight class codes. The number helps that item to be classified by:

  • Type
  • Height
  • Length
  • Weight …


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These class codes make the handling and transportation easier. The goods that have lower class code are cheaper for transportation and by this; the freight class codes that are higher ranked are more expensive.

Also, the other transportation factors such as the difficulty in handling, the factor of how the items are stored or the liability issues can affect the price. Finding the correct freight class codes is the factor of paying more than you should or paying the exact amount for that freight.

You need to be careful to avoid additional expenses for reclassification shipping fees.


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Here is an example:

The cement is ranked in class 55 with a weight between 35 – 50 pound per cubic foot and Clothing is ranked in class 175 with a weight between 5-6 pounds per cubic foot. The clothing cost will be higher than the cost of the cement because it is ranked higher despite the fact that the cement is heavier in weight.

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Freight class codes are developed by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association to help you find the right freight class codes that your freight belongs to. The freight class codes are there to prevent incorrect classification that will entail the freight cost to increase. The freight transporter can reclassify the freight class codes and in those cases, the consumer is charged for the cost difference.


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Freight class codes that belong to class 50 are classified as clean freight and they have the lowest cost and the freight that belong in this category can be shrink wrapped in the 4×4 pallet to fit in this size. The shipment with this freight class codes are taken as very durable. Another thing is that the Weight Range per Cubic Foot for this freight class codes are over 50 pounds.

The highest freight class codes are the class 500 freight class codes. The freight that is ranged in freight class codes with 500 codes are the most expensive ones. This freight is known as high value or low density. The Weight Range Per Cubic Foot for the freight that has highest freight class codes is less than 1 pound and contain items like ping pong balls or Bags of gold dust.

Class Name

Examples

Weight/ pounds Per Cubic Foot
Class 50 – Clean FreightFits on shrink-wrapped 4X4 standard pallet and it is very durable …over 50 lbs
Class 55Hardwood flooring, cleaning compounds, bricks, paint, mortar, cement, resins …35-50
Class 60Glue, Car parts, bottled water, Car accessories , pads and shoes …30-35
Class 65Bottled beverages, car parts and Car accessories, books in boxes …22.5-30
Class 70Food items, baby wipes, car parts, car accessories, automobile engines …15 to 22.5
Class 77.5Tires, cotton gloves for work …13.5 to 15
Class 85Drugs, cast iron stoves, automobile engine …12 to 13.5
Class 92.5Monitors, sewing machines, Computers, refrigerators, ice making machines …10.5 to 12
Class 100Car covers, calculators, wine cases, boat covers, canvas …9 to 10.5
Class 110Cabinets, table saw, newspaper vending machines, framed artwork …8 to 9
Class 125Household appliances/small : radio, coffee makers, clocks …7 to 8
Class 150Bookcases, medical instruments …6 to 7
Class 175stuffed furniture, Clothing, fishing nets …5 to 6
Class 200Aircraft parts, helmets, packaged mattresses, caps, aluminum table …4 to 5
Class 250Mattress and box spring, plasma TV, bamboo furniture …3 to 4
Class 300Tables, model boats, wood cabinets …2 to 3
Class 400Deer antlers …1 to 2
Class 500 – Low Density or High ValuePing pong balls, bags of gold dust …Less than 1 lbs.

 

How Freight Class Codes Affect On The Quote Prices

As I mentioned before as low the freight class codes are the lower the shipping price is. The freight class codes are notated in the BL (Bill of Lading) to make sure that the transported items are correctly classified. In the Bill of Lading, each item that is shipped has NMFC code (freight class codes) and those items are gathered in the NMFC database.


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The thing is that every piece/item no matter how big or small it is, it needs to contain Freight Class Codes. Depending on those codes the consumer will be charged. When I am at the classification I must mention that the goods are divided into two categories:

  • Goods/Items that are classed on their density and
  • Goods/Items that are not based on their density


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For example, the goods that are density based, they don’t have one permanent class and the freight density will determine the class of the freight. If the freight is machinery that the class will be determined by the amount of freight and the density will vary on the total weight, the number of pallets or on the dimensions.

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The rule goes… higher density with lower freight class codes or lower density entails higher freight class codes.

Having a list of freight class codes will ensure that you will get the right pricing for the freight that is transported.


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Top 50 Freight Class Codes:

1. Item: Auto parts for interior

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 18430
  • Class – 250
  • Description – Molded auto parts, Rugs, Carpets, Felted auto parts

2. Item: Auto parts/accessories

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 157230
  • Class – 77,5
  • Description – Pneumatic tires for different vehicles

3. Item: Bricks/Concrete/Cement

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 32280
  • Class – 55
  • Description – Mortar or Cement Bricks


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4. Item: Electronics

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 116030
  • Class – 250
  • Description – Computer display and monitor screens, Computers-PC’s, Processing data machines, Fax machine (the value is not exceeding more than $25 per pound)

5. Item: Machines Arcade

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 84180
  • Class – 100
  • Description: Arcade games, Pinball

6. Item: Printers/AV Equipment/ Phones/

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 62820
  • Class – 125
  • Description – Wireless radios and cell phones where the value is not exceeding more than $6 per pound


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7. Item: Printers/AV Equipment/ Phones/

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 63063
  • Class – 100
  • Description – Phone cords, Extension cords or electrical cables and electrical cords

8. Item: Rear and assembly

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 19180
  • Class – 70
  • Description – Auto parts that are used

9. Item: TV’s

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 63321
  • Class – 200
  • Description – Televisions 40” or greater

10. Item: TV’s

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 63321
  • Class – 125
  • Description – Televisions less than 40”

11. Item: TV’s

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 63321
  • Class – 250
  • Description – plasma TV’s, TV’s


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12. Item: TV’s

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 63325
  • Class – 200
  • Description – Projection type TV’s

13. Item: Metal Tool Box

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 39790
  • Class – 92,5
  • Description – Tool box/ Metal 12<14 lbs per cubic feet

14. Item: Hood Vehicle Auto Body Parts

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 18285
  • Class – 250
  • Description – Metal

15. Item: Hood Vehicle Auto Body Parts

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 18650
  • Class – 300
  • Description – Fiberglass

16. Item: Household – Appliances

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 6760
  • Class – 85
  • Description – Gas Appliances, Oven, Baking Appliances, Crated or Iron boxed


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17. Item: Household – Appliances

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 26770
  • Class – 85
  • Description – (In Crate or Box) Microwave oven

18. Item: Household – Appliances

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 26740
  • Class – 85
  • Description – Electric, Stationary, Oven, Created or boxed

19. Item: Household – Appliances

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 27320
  • Class – 100
  • Description – Ranges or Stoves, iron, aluminum created or boxed

20. Item: Household – Appliances

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 181110
  • Class – 85
  • Description – Steal or Iron, Water softener tank

21. Item: Household – Appliances

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 53100
  • Class – 92.5
  • Description – Freezers and Refrigerators


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22. Item: Manufactured Doors

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 36360
  • Class – 85
  • Description – Doors made of wood that are covered with aluminum sheet

23. Item: Manufactured Doors

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 36320
  • Class – 70
  • Description – Doors made of steel or Iron that are packed in crates or boxes

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24. Item: Aircraft parts

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 11790
  • Class – 200
  • Description: Panels, Struts, Skins, Metal

25. Item: Assembled Furniture

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 39220
  • Class – 300
  • Description: Set up for Bathroom Cabinet

26. Item: Assembled Furniture

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 109050
  • Class – 150
  • Description: Bed for Tanning


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27. Item: Assembled Furniture

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 79550
  • Class – 200
  • Description: Mattresses in Boxes or packages

28. Item: Assembled Furniture

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 39235
  • Class – 92.5
  • Description: Cabinets made of plastic or metal for storage

29. Item: Assembled Furniture

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 82270
  • Class – 200
  • Description: Wood Furniture

30. Item: Auto part/ Accessories

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 18460
  • Class – 100
  • Description: Covers for car: Hood, Tire, top covers or Seats in boxes

31. Item: Cars

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  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 190210
  • Class – 150
  • Description: passenger cars

32. Item: Dry food stuffs

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 67060
  • Class – 60
  • Description: Dry food for pets


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33. Item: Dry food stuffs

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 104600
  • Class – 50
  • Description: Cornmeal or Flour

34. Item: Mixer

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 62560
  • Class – 85
  • Description: Food Processor Mixer

35. Item: Metal cabinet for storage

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 80445
  • Class – 175
  • Description: Set up for metal cabinet

36. Item: Photo Copier

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 139140
  • Class – 125
  • Description: Console


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37. Item: T-Shirts

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 49880
  • Class – 100
  • Description: Clothing, T-shirts <12 lbs per cubic feet

38. Items: Tools

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 186900
  • Class – 70
  • Description: Hand held manual tools

39. Items: Tools

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 186590
  • Class – 85
  • Description: Hand held electric parts or power tools

40. Items: Bumper for Truck

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 18410
  • Class – 60
  • Description: Front or rear protection, used, metal

41. Item: UV Chamber

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 179320
  • Class – 100
  • Description: Light Box


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42. Item: Wood bed frame

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 79740
  • Class – 125
  • Description: Bed frame made of wood

43. Item: Wood Carving

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 56290
  • Class – 92,5
  • Description: As decoration wood carving in boxes or crates 10 < 12 lbs per cubic per feet

44. Item: Wood Chair

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 80605
  • Class – 200
  • Description: Chair made of wood

45. Item: Wood Desk

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 79360
  • Class – 125
  • Description: Desk made of wood

46. Item: Rocking chairs

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 80605
  • Class – 175

47. Item: Snow blower

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 130200
  • Class – 200
  • Description: Unpackaged

48. Item: Stone Statue

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 56290
  • Class – 92.5
  • Description: 10<12 Statue

49. Item: Stereo Speakers

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 62420
  • Class – 100
  • Description: In case or cabinet

50. Item: Storage Steel Cabinet

  • National Motor Freight Class Codes (NMFC) – 80460
  • Class – 125
  • Description: Storage cabinet made of steel, Set up, no glass

Which Factors Are Taken to Determine the Freight Classification?

Before everything you need to identify few parameters for your freight and then continue with class identification. Those factors are:

  • The Density of the Freight
  • The Stow-ability
  • The Handling and the
  • Liability from damage, break, damage, spoilage

Here I will explain each one of them:


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1. The Density of the Freight – For this parameter we calculate the weight and the dimensions of the freight. The density is actually pounds per cubic foot that the items are taking. The class will be low if the density is high and opposite if the density of the item is low the cost will be high.

This is useful for the trucking companies to determine how much space the freight will consume in the truck. The density is calculated by dividing the weight (in pounds) by the volume of the item in cubic feet.

  • Density of the item = Weight (in pounds)/Volume (in cubic feet)
  • The volume in cubic feet you can calculate in this way: Length (in inches) x Width (in inches) x Height (in inches) /1,728


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2. Stowability – Some items are regulated by the carrier policies or the government and can’t be loaded together because they belong in the category of hazardous materials. If the items belong in this group means that those items need to be transported specifically.

We can determine the stow-ability on how the freight can be loaded and carried (easy or difficult). The freight that is hazardous or fragile may require a special treatment and attention while loading and unloading.


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3. Handling – Most of the freight is loaded by mechanical equipment (forklifts or pallet jacks) but some freight because of the shape, hazardous properties, fragility or the weight require special equipment and handling. The difficulty of the item to be loaded and carried is assigned on the item which affects on the freight class codes ranking.


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4. Liability – Liability is consideration and probability the freight to be stolen or damaged. So the liability also affects on the freight classification by freight class codes.

How to Find Your Correct Freight Class

By now I explained what the Class Number Means, How the Freight Class Codes affect on the quote prices and which factors are taken when you want to determine the freight classification. Now I will give you few tips how to find your correct freight class code.


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It is very important to find the right freight class codes if you want to avoid freight reclassification. You can get help from the freight brokers and carriers because many of them have calculator for getting the right freight class codes.

You need to ensure your code is right with your freight type and you will do that with using the right freight class codes (NMFC codes). If you do it right you will make sure that it is visible and legible on the Bill of Landing (BOL) at the time of pickup.


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Again if you are not sure that you hit the right freight class codes for your goods contact your freight broker and he/she will help you get the right codes because they have access to the National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) database.

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Tips and tricks about freight class codes:

  1. Never ever cheat when it comes to freight class codes. Be aware that even the smallest attempt to cheat can cost you a lot. Again never do this because you may end up paying huge penalties. Your behavior may become suspicious if your freight needs to be re-classed all the time.
  2. Use class calculator
  3. Include the National Motor Freight Classification code on the Bill of Lading. The carrier needs to have that information
  4. Another thing that is important for the freight class codes is that you need to include the description of the items on the Bill of Lading (BOL). When the item is not explained as it needs to be the chances to be re-classed are huge.

 

Conclusion

In this article, I tried to get the importance of the freight class codes closer to you with taking different aspects. I explained what the class codes mean and how they affect the price.

You need to find the expenses that are killing your profit if you want to succeed in this business and one of those expenses is the misclassified freight.

It is important to find the right freight class code because as I said before if you repeat the misclassification you may be penalized. If you don’t know the right code for your freight you can always contact the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA), they can help you determine the correct freight class.

What is your experience?


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