Free Essay on Eating Disorder - Eating Disorders
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It seems like every little girl dreams of becoming a model. They want to be thin and pretty like the models they see on television and in magazines. Often the desire becomes an obsession and young girls see "thinness" as being a needed characteristic. For many girls, the teenage years are spent trying to acquire this look. Females are trying diets and are exercising like it is a competition to see who can lose the most weight the quickest. The obsession of many young girls over their appearance or weight has led to a growing number of people who have developed an eating disorder to try to deal with their lack of self-esteem or other related problems.
Eating disorders are a serious health problem. Personal Counseling & Resources says that eating disorders "are characterized by a focus on body shape, weight, fat, food, and perfectionism and by feelings of powerlessness and low self-esteem." Three of the most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating or compulsive eating disorder. According to Anorexia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders, a person with anorexia "refuses to maintain normal body weight for age and height" and "weighs 85 percent or less than what is what is expected for age and height." A person diagnosed with bulimia has several ways of getting rid of the calories such as binge eating, vomiting, laxative misuse, exercising, or fasting. The person might have a normal weight for their age and height unless anorexia is present. The signs of a compulsive eater include eating meals frequently, rapidly, and secretly. This person might also snack and nibble all day long. The compulsive eater tends to have a history of diet failures and may be depressed or obese (Anred.com).
There are many reasons that can contribute to the cause of eating disorders. One of the main reasons seems to be the obsession over every little pound a person is wearing. Sometimes low self-esteem or depression from any number of causes can usher in the eating disorder. Other times compulsive exercising can help shed the pounds but leave the enthused unhealthy looking.
There are other possible causes to this widely known health problem.
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Eating Disorder Eating Disorders Binge Eating Body Weight Teenage Years Many Reasons Young Girls Main Reasons
The media bestows a great deal of beauty and thinness on television and magazines that are viewed by many people daily. Everyone has the desire to look like the actors and actresses do but, in reality, it just will not happen for most of us. Abuse, whether it be physical, emotional, or sexual, can also contribute to the development of an eating disorder (Something-Fishy.com). Such abuse to victims can leave them with a lack of trust and low self-esteem. An unfavorable relationship a person has with others is also a contributing factor to disordered eating habits. The world is so competitive that any mention from parents, siblings, peers, significant others, or co-workers about a person's weight or appearance can lead to the onset of an eating disorder.
There really is no single reason that a person acquires an eating disorder. Many factors are considered when making a diagnosis for a person with this problem. Causes like the ones mentioned above play such an important role in eating disorders. Is it really so important that in order to look like the super models people are willing to give up food and starve themselves to death for a little satisfaction on the outside? The look of a person on the inside is what really matters.
Anorexia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders, Inc. "Definitions." Welcome. 17 Sept. 2000.
<http://anred.com/defs.html> 19 Sept. 2000.
Personal Counseling and Resources. "Eating Disorders." Personal Counseling and Resources.
22 Nov. 1997. <http://www.coun.uvic.ca/personal/eating.html> 13 Sept. 2000.
Something Fishy. "Abuse." Website on Eating Disorders. 5 Sept.2000.<http://www.
something-fishy.org/prevention/abuse.php> 13 Sept. 2000.
Something Fishy. "Anorexia Nervosa." Website on Eating Disorders. 5 Sept. 2000. <http://www. something-fishy.org/whatarethey/anorexia.php> 13 Sept. 2000.
What's the necessity of food? Exactly why do we eat? Answer will vary from person to person. A food lover may say - "Eating is enjoyable." while person like Bill Gates would say - "Its necessary evil". So let's analyze the scientific explanation. Food serves us with energy, with nutrition - to carry on with our activities. This necessarily means, we eat not to just waste time or to enjoy, but to provide the body with energy, to achieve immunity. But this necessary act results in disorder, when we're not eating the way following which the food was supposed to be taken.
The aim of this essay is to
- Clarify necessity/essentiality of food
- Explain the causes of disorders from eating
- Suggest how to prevent eating disorders
- Provide advice to maintain a balanced die
The first portion of the essay is an introduction to Eating Disorders. It provides a definition of eating disorder. It briefly covers the main cause of eating disorders also. The second part goes into details including- classifications, long-term effects. Finally, suggestions will be provided to prevent these disorders.
Briefly, "Eating Disorder is abnormality of body's digestive system due to unbalanced food habit". It is referred to the disturbed digestion of foods which results in mental diseases like Anorexia Nervosa.
For example, an adult needs 54 grams of protein per day. Now if he/she takes as much as 100 grams (maybe in a Street Eating Contest), definitely his/her digestive system won't be able to digest flawlessly. This may end up with acidity.
Now, if we don't take adequate food, still our body will be producing digestion chemicals (enzymes). This will also cause acidity. Next section describes this fact precisely.
Everything has an optimum capacity including our stomach, till which it can sustain its working mechanism. When food enters stomach, our stomach secretes Gastric Juice which contains hydrochloric acid(HCl) with pH value1 as low as 2. This highly acidic chemical creates acidic state inside the stomach. This is important to kill the bacteria we've eaten along with food.
If large amount of acidic food is eaten, the acidity of stomach rises drastically. Acidic food affects the cells of the stomach, consequently resulting into Acidity. And brain notifies with pain that we've eaten too much to be digested properly.
Now without eating, gastric acid will be concentrated, as there's nothing but only acid in the stomach. Excess to mention, this will cause acidity as well, sometimes more severely than overeating.
All sorts of eating disorders are classifiable into 3 categories:
- Binge Eating Disorder(BED): Binge eating disorder is referred to recurring eating episodes. Whenever a BED affected person feels guilty or embarrassed, he/she attempts to forget and hide this feeling by eating. The person eats frequently, although he/she may not be hungry.
- Anorexia Nervosa: This is due to excessive dieting, for being so concerned about fitness. A pathological fear of becoming fat leads girls & young women to eat so less that the body starts to get distorted due to lack of nutrition. Its occurrence is significantly less among male or older women.
- Bulimia Nervosa: Some people do inappropriate behavior after binge eating. Sometimes they perform self-induced vomiting to avoid becoming fat. This kind of disorder is very rare compared to the availability of the other kinds.
The following are the most common, noticeable symptoms, declared by AED:
- Mental depression
- Sensitivity to cold
- Eating secretly
- Low blood pressure
- Chest pain
- Dental erosion
- Ruptured stomach
- Electrolytic imbalance
- Frequent breathing
It damages stomach cells, causing ulcer eventually. Excessive food pressurizes intestine to bend abnormally, causing appendicitis. It harms insulin production, causing diabetes. Last stage is obesity, when body's fundamental mechanisms fail, ending up in a heart failure or stroke.
Prevention is always more appreciable than cure. Here are brief guidelines to reduce these disorders:
- Decide what to eat today. Consult a medical specialist.
- Don't hesitate to include vegetables in your meal.
- It's better not to keep much popcorn/soda while watching soccer.
- Jog every morning. Set alarm if you need so.
- Always keep engaged in doing something.
- Visit recreational part sometimes.
- If any symptom mentioned above is noticed, consult physician quickly.
- Arrange Health Classes in schools. Teach children about nutrition, importance of food, necessity of exercise.
- Maintain balanced diet including fruits, veggies in family's daily food course.
- Avail health education in schools, colleges.
- Tell little girls about how fake cartoon characters like Barbies are. Make them understand that thinness is not necessarily happiness.
- Let not the soda and junk foods be available in school canteens.
- Write on media to notify them to create realistic characters.
Food is the body's energy source. We eat to survive, to lead the life. Body is working 24/7 to process, to digest different sorts of foods we eat. This Digestive System is serving with essential nutritions, minerals. So we have to take care of it. Neither overeating, nor extreme dieting, only balanced diet is the key to prevent & cure eating disorders. In order to keep the body safe & sound, we should maintain a balanced, recommended healthy diet. Because its the crying need of our body, our digestive system, of ourselves.