Harvard Reference Phd Dissertation

Thesis, print

*no quote marks, no italics
*insert masters thesis, honours thesis, doctoral thesis as necessary

Reference listHowie, L 2008, Terrorsex: witnesses and the reanimation of 9/11 as image event, commodity and pornography, doctoral thesis, Monash University, Melbourne.
Paraphrasing - Author prominentHowie (2008) argues that major cities are crucial targets for displays of terrorism.
Paraphrasing - Information prominentThe commodification of terrorism is analysed (Howie 2008).
Quoting - Author prominentHowie (2008, p. 68) suggests 'fiction and reality are not easily distinguishable when they are both images'.
*pinpoint the quote
Quoting - Information prominentTelevisual images are 'substitutes or simulations, for being first-hand witnesses of terrorism' (Howie 2008, p. 155).
*pinpoint the quote



The basics of a Reference List entry for an unpublished thesis:

  • Author. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year.
  • Title (in single inverted commas).
  • Level of Thesis.
  • University.
  • City.

​Suwetwattanakul, C 2010, 'Developing a knowledge sharing model for the implementation of the learning organization in Thailand', PhD thesis, Victoria University, Melbourne.       


Please note:

  • A thesis can come in a number of formats, i.e. they can be published, unpublished or retrieved from a database.
  • The principles when referencing a thesis are similar to those employed when referencing a book. 
  • The example above is for an unpublished thesis, examples for an online or a published thesis can be found below.


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