Including a bibliography at the end of a PowerPoint presentation is more than just a useful guide for your audience: It adds professionalism and credibility to your presentation, showing your audience that you have done your research. Although PowerPoint does not include a tool for creating a bibliography, a basic Title and Content slide added to the end of your presentation provides the tools to create one. When it comes to the formatting of each reference, style requirements vary among institutions that set the standards, including colleges, scientific organizations, or groups that produce their own research. If you are presenting to such a group, rather than a general audience, follow their formatting requirements in your bibliography.
Creating a Bibliography Slide
1. Launch Microsoft PowerPoint and scroll down to the last page on your presentation. Insert a new slide by clicking the "Home" tab, then click the "New Slide" arrow in the Slides group of the Ribbon.
2. Select the "Title and Content" slide from the available Office Theme options. This gives you two text boxes; one formatted for a title and one for text.
3. Click the "Title" text box and type "Bibliography."
4. Click the "Content" text box. If a bullet point appears, press the "Backspace" key to delete it. Type your first reference, beginning with the author's last name, followed by a comma, a space and the first name. Refer to the Reference Formatting Section to correctly format each reference according to its type.
5. Use hanging paragraphs for each reference that requires more than one line. These are left-aligned paragraphs in which all but the first line are indented. To do this, simply press the "Return" key at the end of the first line, then press the "Tab" key, or insert five spaces before typing the second line.
1. Use the appropriate format for each type of reference based on the expectations of your audience. The Modern Language Association has a specific style, for example, as does the American Psychological Association. However, a bibliography for general audiences includes basic information, such as author, date and title of source.
2. Add a book reference using the format: Author’s last name, author’s first name. Book Title. Place of Publication: Publisher Name, Year. Highlight the publication, and then place of publication and press "Ctrl-I" on the keyboard to italicize the words.
3. Add a newspaper or magazine article reference using this format: Author Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Name of Publication. Date Published: Section and Page, Columns. Highlight the name of the publication, and then press "Ctrl-I" on the keyboard to italicize the words.
4. Add a website reference using this format: Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Page. Date. Name of organization or company. Date you accessed the page.
5. Credit an image from the Internet using this bibliography format: Creator’s Last Name, First Name. Description or Title of Image. Online Image. Date you accessed the image.
Insert Hyperlinks in the Bibliography
1. Highlight a website cited in the bibliography. Click the "Insert" tab, then select "Hyperlink" from the Links group in the Ribbon.
2. Click "Existing File or Web Page" in the Link To section, and then click "Browse the Web."
3. Navigate to the website and click "OK."
Inserting Hyperlinks in a Slides
1. Add a hyperlink from a slide that cites a source in the bibliography when you feel it is appropriate. Insert such a slide, for example, if you are directly quoting from the source, or are including statistics or charts from that source.
2. Type a reference number in brackets, such as (1) and highlight the number. Click the "Insert" tab and select "Hyperlink" from the Links group. Select "Place in This Document" from the Link To menu.
3. Select the bibliography slide containing the reference under the Select a Place in This Document section.
4. Type the same number in brackets at the end of the reference. If desired, use these steps to create a hyperlink from this number back to the slide using the reference.
- If you need more than one page for your bibliography, you do not need a title on these pages. Simply add a new Title and Content slide. Click the border of the Title text box and press "Delete." Click the top border of the Content text box and drag it to the top of the slide.
About the Author
A published author and professional speaker, David Weedmark has advised businesses and governments on technology, media and marketing for more than 20 years. He has taught computer science at Algonquin College, has started three successful businesses, and has written hundreds of articles for newspapers and magazines throughout Canada and the United States.
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